KALLAH

KALLAH (Heb. כַּלָּה; "bride"), one of the minor tractates appended to the end of the fourth order, Nezikin, in the printed texts of the Babylonian Talmud. There are two separate versions of the tractate. The shorter one consists of a single chapter while the larger version contains ten chapters and is known as Kallah Rabbati. Originally only the shorter tractate was known and it was published in the printed edition of the Talmud and the Maḥzor Vitry. The manuscript of the longer version was first published by Naḥman Coronel (Vienna, 1864), and subsequently printed in the romm (Vilna) edition of the Talmud. In three places the Babylonian Talmud cites the same passage, which mentions a tractate Kallah (Shab. 114a; Ta'an. 10b; Kid. 49b). It is related that a person is considered a disciple of the wise when he can answer any question of halakhah connected with his studies "even though it is on a subject dealt with in the Kallah tractate." Scholars are uncertain as to the exact meaning of this phrase. Some hold that the allusion is to this tractate, while others explain that the reference is to the semiannual assemblies of the Babylonian scholars which were termed kallah and at which a designated tractate was studied. The smaller tractate of Kallah discusses the subject of betrothal, marriage, chastity, and moral purity both in thought and action. The subject matter of this treatise is culled from beraitot contained in the Babylonian Talmud. Its authorship was generally attributed to Yehudai Gaon (eighth century), but M. Higger concludes that the original Kallah was compiled by a disciple of eliezer b. hyrcanus and that a later compiler added to it (intro. to M. Higger's edition of Kallah, 13). The larger tractate of Kallah Rabbati resembles the format of the Talmud, consisting of beraitot and Gemara. According to N. Friedmann (Seder Eliyahu Zuta, introd. p. 15), it emanated from the school of rava in Mahoza (Babylonia, third century). A. Aptowitzer, however, held that the author was Rava, a disciple of Yehudai Gaon (REJ 57 (1909), 239–48). Of the ten chapters comprising Kallah Rabbati only the first two discuss betrothal and marriage and they form a commentary to the shorter version of Kallah. Except for chapter 8, the remaining chapters form an amplification of Derekh Ereẓ Rabbah and Derekh Ereẓ Zuta. Chapter 8 is closely related to "the chapter on the acquisition of the Torah" or "the baraita of R. Meir" appended to Pirkei Avot. Much aggadic material is contained in this tractate, including the interesting stories of Akiva and the spirit of a deceased man (ch. 2); the four sages and the philosopher (ch. 7); Simeon b. Antipatros and his guests (ch. 9); and Akiva and the Athenian (ch. 10). A critical edition of the texts of Kallah and Kallah Rabbati was published by M. Higger in 1936. An English translation of these tractates was issued by Soncino Press in 1965.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kallah — (Hebrew: מסכת כלה) is the name of teachers convention that was held twice a year in Babylonian Academies, by the Jews then in captivity in Bablon, after the beginning of the amoraic period, in the two months Adar and Elul.… …   Wikipedia

  • KALLAH, MONTHS OF — KALLAH, MONTHS OF, a term for the months of Elul and Adar when, during the talmudic and geonic eras, large gatherings assembled to study Torah in the Babylonian academies. Many conjectures have been made about the etymology of the word kallah,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • kallah-kallah — (Quba) özbaşına, başlı başına …   Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti

  • RESH KALLAH — (Heb. רֵישׁ כַּלָּה), title that was awarded to the leading sages in Babylonian academies during the talmudic and geonic periods. R. Nathan b. Isaac ha Bavli (Neubauer Chronicles, 2 (1895), 87–88), in his description of the seating order of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HAKHNASAT KALLAH — (Heb. הַכְנָסַת כַּלָּה; bringing in the bride, i.e., under the wedding canopy), a rabbinic commandment to provide a dowry for brides and to rejoice at their weddings (Maim. Yad., Avelim 14:1). The term is popularly applied to the provision of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • bərəkallah — <ər. «bərakəllah»> Əhsən, mərhəba və s. mənasında tərif, bəyənmə ifadə edir. Bərəkallah, oğlum! – Bərəkallah, qüvvətlicə alabaş; Filin üstə əcəb gedir bir baş. A. S.. // Bəzən kinayə və ya istehza ilə deyilir. <Sona xanım:> Bərəkallah …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • barəkallah — ə. 1) Allah mübarək eləsin; 2) afərin, əhsən (təəccüb və razılıq bildirdikdə işlədilir) …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • eynəkallah — ə. Allah səni (pis) gözdən saxlasın …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • övnəkallah — ə. Allah köməyin olsun …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

  • təbarəkallah — ə. Allah mübarək eləsin …   Klassik Azərbaycan ədəbiyyatında islənən ərəb və fars sözləri lüğəti

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